Emerging and viral pathogens are defined by the EPA as the organisms that have newly appeared in a population or have existed but are rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range. Out of the emerging pathogens, the ones with the most concerning consequences are the pathogenic viruses. For these pathogenic viruses, the amount of time they can last on a surface plays a vital role on the manner in which the disease can be transmitted to other surfaces including human body. COVID-19 also known as SARS-CoV-2 is a pathogenic virus which has been claimed to be global pandemic by the World Health Organization.
Due to pathogens that emerge, that have not been present previously, the disinfectants used to get rid of them need to be developed accordingly as well. Initially when the virus spreads, because of the uncommon occurrence, there are no disinfectants in the moment to tackle the virus; it takes some time to develop the necessary research regarding disinfectants that would work for the pathogens and their manufacturing. The ongoing virus outbreak of COVID-19 is a prime example of such a scenario, with the virus spreading across the globe in a short period of time, the first question that crossed the minds of people all around the world was how to disinfect the virus from surfaces all around them?
For emergency scenarios like these, there are guidelines for regulatory authorities of countries across the globe along with W.H.O, regarding which kinds of disinfectants to be used due to the outbreak of viral pathogens. There is a criterion that needs to be met by a disinfectant in order to be deemed effective enough to be used during a viral pathogen outbreak like the ongoing pandemic. The efficacy of the disinfectant matters the most, which is based on how easily the disinfectant is able to kill and deactivate the three kinds of virus commonly found; enveloped, large non-enveloped and small non-enveloped viruses. The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 is caused by the pathogen SARS-CoV-2 which is an enveloped virus and is the easiest to disinfect out of the three kinds. The criteria for such kind of a disinfectant can be as follows:
- Disinfectant must be an approved one for hospital and healthcare use or used as a broad spectrum disinfectant.
- The disinfectant should have the claim to disinfect at least one large or one small non-enveloped virus.
The above stated criteria are used at the manufacturer’s end, products like Halomist meet the required criteria; but the question here arises that as a normal consumer who does not have the understanding of pathogens and their disinfection, decide which disinfectant to go for during the global pandemic. For this, the consumers need to contact the manufacturer or visit the manufacturer’s website if they have approved claims for emerging viral pathogens. Most manufacturers do issue the necessary guiding information on their websites for the satisfaction of their consumers. Thereby, making informed purchase choices for the disinfectants to be used for the sanitization and disinfection of surfaces.
Shoppers are advised to carefully go through the information and labels on the packaging of the disinfectants before deciding to make the purchases. The effective time taken for the product to kill the virus on a surface should be taken into consideration to learn about the effectiveness and efficacy of the disinfectant. A disinfectant like Halomist is a better choice that adheres the necessary requirements.
The use of the correct disinfectant is extremely important for the prevention of the pathogenic virus. According to experts, prevention is far better and easier than the cure of it. In fact, the virus does not have a sure short cure, there have been cases in which doctors feel helpless and out of options, waiting for the patient to heal on their own with the necessary medical aide and isolation protocols to prevent the further spread. Therefore, there is no point in waiting for the cure and the focus needs to be given to the preventative measures that every individual can take in their own capacity.
To be able to choose the disinfectant effectively, it is important to understand how disinfectants work. These products help contain and control a wide range of pathogens, on different kinds of surfaces including hard, porous and non-porous surfaces. Pathogens are also of many different kinds, some are harmless and not an issue, while some maybe slightly concerning and others unknown ones can be a danger due to the lack of information and research available on those.
In times like these, where a global emergency arises in the form of a pandemic, research and information needs to be accumulated as much as possible to stay ahead of times to be able to prevent rather than get infected and then run around finding for cures. Use of disinfectants can not only reduce the risk of contracting emerging pathogens like COVID-19, but from many other kinds of pre-existing pathogens as well.